BAHRAIN


BAHRAIN
BAHRAIN (Bahrein), territory extending along the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf southward from basra including many small islands. Talmudic references to ports and islands on the Persian Gulf indicate that Jews were already settled in this region. The Jews in the old capital of Bahrein, Hajar, are recorded in Arabic sources as having refused to accept Islam when Muhammad sent a force to occupy the territory in 630. In the 12th century benjamin of Tudela refers to 500 Jews living in Qays and to a Jewish population of 5,000 in al-Qatīfa (undoubtedly an exaggeration) who were said to control the pearl fishery. In the 19th century, Jewish merchants from Iraq, Persia, and India went to Bahrein, and there was a small Jewish colony. It has dwindled as a consequence of the political situation. In 1968 only some 100 Jews remained in the new capital city of Manama. At the turn of the 20th century around 30 Jews remained in Bahrein, with services held in private homes on holidays. The Jewish community maintained its cemetery. Most of the Jews were prosperous and had good relations with their Muslim neighbors. Up until the Oslo Agreements (1993) between Israel and the Palestinians, the rulers of Bahrein had no official relations with Israel, but subsequently semi-official relations – commercial, in particular – were established. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A.T. Wilson, The Persian Gulf (1954), 83–91; Fischel, in: Alexander Marx Jubilee Volume (Eng., 1950), 203–8; Gustinsky, in: Edot, 1 (1946), 238–40. (Walter Joseph Fischel)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bahrain — n. 1. an island in the Persian Gulf. Syn: Bahrein. [WordNet 1.5] 2. an island country in the Persian Gulf. Syn: Bahrein. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bahrain — [bä rān′] country on a group of islands in the Persian Gulf, between Qatar & the E coast of Saudi Arabia: formerly a British protectorate, it became an independent state in 1971: 266 sq mi (688 sq km); pop. 518,000; cap. Manama: also sp. Bahrein… …   English World dictionary

  • Bahrain — For the historical region, see Bahrain (historical region). For the island, see Bahrain Island. For the city in Iran, see Bahrain, Iran. For the town in Pakistan, see Bahrain, Pakistan. Kingdom of Bahrain مملكة البحر …   Wikipedia

  • Bahrain — /bah rayn , ruyn , beuh /, n. 1. a sheikdom in the Persian Gulf, consisting of a group of islands: formerly a British protectorate; declared independent 1971. 603,318; 232 sq. mi. (601 sq. km). Cap.: Manama. 2. the largest island in this group:… …   Universalium

  • Bahrain — مملكة البحرين Mamlakat al Bahrain Königreich Bahrain …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bahrain — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Bahrain <p></p> Background: <p></p> In 1783, the Sunni Al Khalifa family captured Bahrain from the Persians. In order to secure these holdings, it entered into a… …   The World Factbook

  • Bahrain — Königreich Bahrain * * * Bah|rain [bax… ]; s: Inselgruppe u. Staat im Persischen Golf. * * * Bahrain     Kurzinformation:   Fläche: 707 km2   Einwohner: (2000) 634 000   Hauptst …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bahrain — noun 1. an island in the Persian Gulf • Syn: ↑Bahrain Island, ↑Bahrein, ↑Bahrein Island • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑Persian Gulf, ↑Arabian Gulf …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bahrain — also Bahrein geographical name 1. islands in Persian Gulf off coast of Arabia 2. an independent sultanate capital Manama (on Bahrain Island) area 255 square miles (661 square kilometers), population 485,600 3. island, largest of the group, 27… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Bahrain — noun A country in the Middle East. Official name: Kingdom of Bahrain …   Wiktionary


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